Papua New Guinea (Tok Pisin: Papua Niugini) (PNG), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is a country in Oceania, occupying the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and numerous offshore islands (the western portion of the island is a part of the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua). It is located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, in a region defined since the early 19th century as Melanesia. The capital is Port Moresby.
Lying just south of the equater, 160km north of Australia, Papua New Guinea is part of a great arc of mountains stretching from Asia, through Indonesia and into the South Pacific. With a vibrant and colourful Papua New Guinea culture, more than 600 islands and 850 indigenous languages, PNG is made up of 4 regions with 22 provinces and 89 districts in total..
The Provincial Capacity Building Project (PCaB II) has been over-looking and supporting only six provinces out of the twenty two (22). The six provinces listed below are regarded to be PCaB's pilot provinces where the project has focused mainly on building capacity on better (much improved) financial management practices. Other provinces were approached to be part of PCaB's phase two (2) which mainly involves the gradual increase in the number of provinces supported until such time all twenty two (22) are under the program's umbrella of support. Provinces that have responded positively and have been added to PCaB's Support are listed below under Aditional Provinces.